j¢uq uq;shx.K iErÿka
Apr 21, 2017

j¢uq uq;shx.K iErÿka

uq;shx.K uy iErÿka lshkafka fidf,dia‌ uia‌:dk j,ska tla‌ ia‌:dkhls' wm f.!;u nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a mdoia‌m¾Yfhka mú;% jq fuu fidf,dia‌uia‌:dk wm fn!oaOhka fukau wfkl=;a ckhdf.a f.!rjdorhg m;ajq ia‌:dkhkah' f.!;u nqÿrdcdKka jykafia ;=kajrla‌ fuu Y%S ,xldjg jeä nj uydjxYfha fukau fjk;a mqrd úoHd;aul idla‌Isj,skao ;yjqre fõ' nqoaO;ajfhka udi 09lg miq hla‌Ihska oukh lsÍu i|yd uhshx.Khg jevu jQ w;r" fojk j;djg nqÿka jykafia ,xldjg jeäfha nqoaO;ajfhka jir 05 lg miq pQf,daor ufydaOr kdrcqka w;r we;sjkakg .sh hqoaOh iu:hg m;a lsÍughs' ;=kajkjr Y%s ,xldjg jevujd jodf,a nqoaO;ajfhka 08 jk jif¾ fjila‌ mqka fmdfyda Èkhl le<Ks mqrjrhghs' óg by; jdr foflau nqÿka jykafia Y%S ,xldjg jevu lf<a ;ksjuhs' kuq;a ;=kajkjr jeäfha uyry;ka jykafia mkaish kul=;a iu.hs' ;=kajkjr ,xldjg jeäh wjia‌:dfõ m%:ufhka jeäfha le<Ks mqrjrhg jk w;r ta uKswla‌; kd rcqf.a wdrdOkdjlghs' fuu wjia‌:djg iyNd.s jQ kuqKql=, lkaog wêm;s bkaol foúhka nqÿrÿkaf.ka lrk ,o wdrdOkdjlg wkqj nqÿka jykafia ry;=ka jykafia,d 500 iu. uq;shx.k iErÿka msysá ia‌:dkhg jevujd iudm;a;s iqjfhka isg bkaol foúhka we;=¿ foúhkag O¾uh foaYkd lrk ,§'

uq;shx.k ffp;H msysgd we;af;a W!j m<df;a nÿ,a, Èia‌;%sla‌lfhah' W!j m<df;a ia‌:dk ;=klg nqÿka jykafia jeänj fmd;am;aj, iy f,aLkj, ikd: fõ' l;r.u lsÍ fjfyr msysá ia‌:dkh uyshx.kh iErÿka msysá ia‌:dkh iy uq;shx.k iErÿka msysá ia‌:dk j,gh' l%s^mQ^ 1900 ) 1800 w;r ld,fha meje;=k rdjKd rdcH ;=< rdjKd rcqka nÿÆ mqrjrh w.kqjr lrf.k rdcH lrf.k .sh nj ckm%jdofha mj;s ' rdu "rdjKd hqoaOh mej;s iuh kqjrt<sh" iS;dt<sh" rdjKdwe,a," iS;dfldgqj hk ia‌:dk nÿÆ m<d;g iïnkaOj mej;s nj wkqudk lrhs' rdjKd rcqf.ka miqj tu rdcH jxYh ì| jeà we;s nj ckhdf.a úYajdihhs' bkamiq ,la‌Èj n,hg m;aj we;af;a hla‌I yd kd. f.da;%slhkah' fï wkqj ,xldj ;=< md,k m%foaY lSmhla‌ we;s ù we;' kd. f.da;%slhska ioyd W;=re m%foaYh;a" le,Ksh m%foaYh;a fjkaù we;s w;r hla‌I f.da;%slhska uyshx.kh w.kqjr fldgf.k W!j m%foaYh md,kh fldg we;s nj fmfka' úch rcq ,xldjg tkúg hla‌I f.da;%slhska W!j m%foaYhg wu;rj wkqrdOmqrh iy mq;a;,u m%foaY ola‌jd jHdma;j mej;=k nj fmfka' l=fõksf.a l:dj wkqj ;ïuekakdj m%foaYfha /ðk yeáhg l=fõKsh jdih l< nj ;yjqre fõ'

úch rcq l=fõKsh m,jd yeÍfuka miq weh msgj f.dia‌ we;af;a ,xld mqrhghs' b;sydi.; lreKq wkqj ,xldmqrh W!j m<df;a msysá nj wkdjrKh fõ' l=fõKsf.a ore fofokd lÿlrhg m,d.sh nj i|yka jk w;r fuu fofokdf.ka mej; tk msßi ìï ;ekafka ks,.=, m%foaYfha jeÈ ckhd nj W!fõ ck;dj wo;a úYajdi lrhs' f,dõ;=rd nqÿkaf.a mdo ia‌m¾Yfhka mQckSh;ajhg m;a jQ nÿÆ uq;shx.k rcuy úydrh fn!oaO ck;djf.a w.% wd.ñl ia‌:dkhls' fuu ffp;Hh uq,skau bÈlr we;af;a bkaol foúhka nj fn!oaO fmd;m; wkdjrKh lrhs' nqÿka jykafiaf.a uqla‌;l Od;=ka ^nqÿkaf.a wef.a oyäh uq;= njg m;alrk ,o uq;= weghs& iy flaY Od;=ka ksoka fldg uq;shx.k ffp;Hh bÈlr we;s nj wkdjrKh fjhs' fuu ffp;H nqínq,dldrj ksujd we;s w;r Wiska wä 65la‌o jg rjqu wä 170la‌ muK fõ' r;a;,a 14la‌ muK nr we;s pqvd udKslHhla‌ iys; rka wdf,ams; wä 07la‌ muK Wi fld;a jykafia ffp;H uqÿfka ;ekam;a lr we;' wla‌lr 10lg jeä NQñ Nd.hl uq;shx.K mQcd NQñh msysgd we;' fuu úydr NQñh ;=< wkqrdOmqrh chY%suy fndaêka jykafiaf.a fo;sia‌M, fndaêka jykafia,df.ka tla‌ fndaêka jykafia kula‌ fuu úydr NQñfha isgqjd we;'Bg wu;rj wdkkao fndaêka jykafiaf.a YdLdjla‌"u,shfoaj ry;ka jykafia jev isá ia‌:dkfha u,shfoaj fndaêh kñka fndaêhla‌o jevisà' wE; w;S;fha fuu úydr NQñh b;d Wia‌j msysgd ;snQ nj;a uq;shx.k ffp;H jgd wdrla‌Il Èh w.,la‌ ;snQ nj merkaKkaf.a u;hhs'bkaol foúhkaf.ka miqj ñysÿuy ysñhkaf.a Wmfoia‌ wkqj foajdkïmsh;sia‌i rc;=ud úiska fuu ffp;Hh ;snqKdg jvd úYd, fldg ixrla‌IKh lr we;s w;r chY%S uy fndaêka jykafiaf.a yg.;a fo;sia‌M, fndaê wxl=rhla‌ t;=ud úiska frdamKh lr we;' foajdkïmsh;sia‌i rc;=udf.ka miqj Od;=fiak" úchnd" uymrdl%undyq" rdcisxy hk rcjre fuu úydria‌:dkh k.d isgqùug úYd, jYfhka Woõ Wmldr lr we;s nj fn!oaO fmd;m; mßYS,kh lsÍfuka fmkS hhs'

by; rdcjxYj,ska miq l,ska l,g rfÜ we;s jQ úfoaY wdl%uK yuqfõ' fuu úydria‌:dkho úkdY lsÍug f.dÿre ù we;' úfYaIfhka l%s^j¾I 1818 we;s jq le/,af,aÈ bx.%Sis cd;slhska úiska fuu úydria‌:dkhg w,dNydks isÿ lr we;'

l,ska l,g rg ;=< we;s jQ ia‌jNdúl úm;a yd foia‌ úfoia‌ mr i;=re wdl%uK yuqfõ fuu úydria‌:dkhg isÿ jQ w,dN ydks yd úkdYú .sh ffp;Hrdchd kej; oeka ;sfnk wdldrhg m%;sixia‌lrKh lrjkakg yelsj ;sfnkafka tjlg fuu úydria‌:dkfha jev isá úydrdêm;s jykafia yd m<d;ajdiS .sys mejÈ msxj;a ishÆ fokdf.a wdOdr Wmldr we;sj nj f.!rj mQ¾jlj i|yka l< hq;=j we;'

fujka msxjka; mQcd NQñhla‌ oel je|mqod .kakg Tng;a jdikdj Wod jqfkd;a fudk;rï Tn mqKHjka; fõúo@ mud fkdú yels bla‌ukska fujka ia‌:dk je|mqodf.k l=i,fhys is; msysgqjdf.k msx /ia‌lrf.k urKhg uqyqK§ug iqodkï jkak'




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